If you are looking for information on how to fund your community wind turbine project, you’re in the right place. This page offers a comprehensive list of community windpower funding sources for renewable energy projects and community projects across the UK. Check the symbols to see what help is available, which stage the help applies to, and which part of the UK is eligible.
Wind projects have two major phases: ‘development’ which covers the feasibility and planning consent stages and ‘construction’ which is buying the turbine and getting it installed. From a financing perspective the two phases have very different levels of risk and therefore normally use different sources of funding.
The development phase is much higher risk; typically for every wind site that successfully completes Renewables First’s modular wind feasibility process, eight sites start the process – i.e. almost 90% of sites fail the feasibility process! For this reason it would be almost impossible to borrow money to fund this stage.
Applying for planning consent also comes under ‘development’, and though not as high risk as feasibility it is still risky with around 60% of good quality applications ultimately gaining consent, some via the appeal process.
Once planning consent is obtained and assuming the initial feasibility works were good quality, most of the risk is then removed from the project and it becomes easier to obtain loan finance for the construction phase.
Community Wind projects are slightly different from more conventional wind projects in that there are grants and non-secured loans available to help with the development phases and more options to raise the construction funding from the local or wider community.
See below for a list of sources of grants, loans and investment which may be able to assist in finding your community windpower funding for your proposed development. Some of these organisations also provide useful general reference information or community project management services.
Community Windpower Funding Key
Project Stage : F – Feasibility, P – Planning, C – Construction
Funding Type : G – Grant, CL – Contingent Loan, L – Standard Loan, I – Investment
|Fund name/Link||Description||Region||Project Stage||Funding Type|
|RegenSW Devon Accelerator Funding||Seed funding available for community energy projects in Devon only. The second round closed on 27th February 2015 but another round may be announced if there are any remaining funds.||Devon||F||G|
|NI Government Funding Database||Information from the Northern Ireland Executive on various grants available, some of which may be applicable to renewable energy projects.||Northern Ireland||F, P, C||G|
|Ynni’r Fro Programme||The Energy Saving Trust administers the Welsh Government’s Ynni’r Fro community programme, which offers feasibility & planning grants of up to £30,000 plus construction cost grants of up to £300,000||Wales||F, P, C||G|
|Rural Community Energy Fund (RCEF)||Administered by charity ‘WRAP,’ RCEF is a funding programme from Defra and DECC for early-stage renewable energy projects in England. Check this eligibility map to see if your project is eligible for RCEF or its urban equivalent, UCEF.|
|RCEF Stage 1||A grant of up to £20,000 for initial investigation into the feasibility of a renewable energy project||England||F||G|
|RCEF Stage 2||An unsecured loan of up to £130,000 to support planning application and business case development. If your project is unsuccessful, the loan will be written off. If the project is successful, the loan must be repaid, plus an additional premium of 45%.||England||P,C||L|
|Urban Community Energy Fund (UCEF)||Managed by CSE and Pure Leapfrog, UCEF is the urban equivalent of RCEF, providing grants and loans to renewable energy projects in England.|
|UCEF Early stage grant||A grant of up to £20,000 for initial investigation into the feasibility of a renewable energy project||England||F||G|
|UCEF Project development loans||Contingent loans of up to £130,000 to support planning application, community consultation and grid connection costs. If your project is unsuccessful, the loan will be written off. If the project is successful, the loan must be repaid, plus an additional premium of 45%.||England||P||CL|
|Community and Renewable Energy Scheme (CARES)||CARES is operated by Local Energy Scotland and administers Scottish Government funds for community renewable energy projects. For details of post-planning loans, see Renewable Energy Investment Fund (REIF).|
|CARES Local Energy Challenge Fund||The Challenge Fund is available to pilot projects which demonstrate an innovative approach to local energy generation. Grants of up to £20,000 are available for feasibility works (Phase 1), and successful projects can later go on to bid for up to £6m (Phase 2) to complete the project.||Scotland||F,P,C||G|
|CARES Start-up Grant||Up to £10,000 is available to cover feasibility studies, community consultation and other prepatory costs.||Scotland||F||G|
|CARES Pre-planning Loan||Contingent loans of up to £150,000 are available to community groups and rural businesses. Applicable to non-community projects (rural businesses who have carried out community consultation)||Scotland||F,P||CL|
|CARES Infrastructure and Innovation Fund||Grant to support projects which provide innovative links between local energy generations and local energy use. Applicable to non-community projects.||Scotland||F||G|
|NatureSave Trust||A charitable arm of NatureSave Insurance, the Trust provides minor ‘seed corn’ grants to community renewable energy projects across the UK.||Nationwide||F,P||G|
|Big Lottery Fund||Using funds raised by the National Lottery, the Big Lottery Fund has a range of grants available to community projects, some of which may be applicable to renewable energy. Check regularly to keep up-to-date with what’s on offer.||Nationwide||F,P,C||G|
|Investment and Contract Readiness Fund||A UK Government fund managed by The Social Investment Business (SIB) and administered by various investment and legal firms. This fund may accept applications from renewable energy projects for financial assistance with aspects such as organisation structure, legal issues and share offer development.||England||F,P,C||G|
|Energy Efficiency Financing||Offered jointly by Siemens and The Carbon Trust, this fund provides short term loans for renewable energy projects which can be repaid using the income from the project once operational. Only available to businesses and charities which have been trading for at least 36 months.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Carbon Trust 0% Business Loans||For existing high energy users, The Carbon Trust offers interest-free loans of up to £1,000 per 1.5tCO2 saving when compared with existing energy usage, for purchase and installation of renewable energy equipment. See the Carbon Trust website for their Loan Calculator and further information on company eligibility.||Wales
|Resonance||If you are planning to hold a community share offer with a target of between £100,000 and £1,000,000 this independent firm’s Community Share Underwriting Fund may be of interest. The fund offers low-cost loans for share offers which fail to achieve their target but achieve at least 50%.||Nationwide||C||L|
|Renewable Energy Investment Fund (REIF)||Provided by the Scottish Government and delivered by the Scottish Investment Bank (SIB), this fund offers construction loans and equity investment and is currently expected to run until March 2016.||Scotland||C||L,I|
|CO2Sense||An independent not-for-profit CIC offering loans and investment in renewable energy projects via a UK Government fund.||Nationwide||P,C||L,I|
|Pure Leapfrog||This charity provides advice on community projects, including a useful document summarising the benefits of community energy to local authorities. Funding is also available, particularly for deprived areas.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy||These post-completion awards provide grants to a handful of renewable energy projects each year, recognising significant achievements and innovation.||Nationwide||O||G|
|Triodos Bank||Independent, ethical bank providing loans starting at £25,000.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Charity Bank||Independent, ethical bank providing loans starting at £50,000.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|FSE Community Generation Fund||Part of the not-for-profit organisation FSE, which invests in various SMEs. The Community Generation Fund aims to provide supplementary funds to community renewable energy projects, particularly in deprived areas.|
|FSE Development Loans||Contingent early-stage loans, for design, environmental and planning works.||Nationwide||F,P||CL|
|FSE Construction Loans||Long term loans for construction and commissioning works.||Nationwide||C||L|
|Green Investment Bank (GIB)||Broadened in November 2014 to include community-scale renewables, GIB offers construction financing and equity for community renewable energy projects across the UK.||Nationwide||C||L,I|
|Assetz Capital||Peer-to-peer lender with an emphasis on ‘green’ investments||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Abundance Generation||Online debenture-based crowdfunding platform for renewable energy projects, allowing individuals to invest as little as £5 each via share offers.||Nationwide||C||L,I|
|Trillion Fund||Online crowdfunding platform for renewable energy projects, via peer-to-peer loans, bonds, debentures and shares.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L,I|
|Sharenergy||An independent co-operative offering community project setup services, particularly related to arranging share offers to source investment.||Nationwide||F,P,C||I|
|Energy4All||This well-known co-operative provides assistance with community project management and share offer setup, plus some general facts on renewable energy.||Nationwide||C||I|
Multiple sources of funding
Remember that it is normally fine to use multiple sources of funding, so when aggregated you may be able to get grants or unsecured loans to fully-fund the development stages.
Funding the construction phase
Once you have secured the relevant consents you are ready to order the turbine, complete the foundations/groundworks, onsite electrics and grid connection upgrades, and then install your wind turbine.
At this point it would be normal to raise the money for the construction phase via a community share offer, which could be to the immediate geographic community (usually the first port of call), then a progressively wider net is cast if additional funding is needed, sometimes even inviting investment for ethical private investors nationwide.
There is currently a dramatic growth in crowd funding via websites such as Abundance (https://www.abundancegeneration.com/) which you can use to offer debentures (long term debt instruments paying a fixed interest – typically 6 to 9% APR). This can be useful if you want to raise some money from equity (shares) which you sell locally, then the remainder using debt instruments like debentures. Note that the size of dividends paid to shareholders is normally limited to reasonable levels in community projects and the additional profit that the project creates directly invested into other local community projects, or the next community renewable project!
The whole area of community energy ownership structures and how they are funded is currently being reviewed under the government’s new Community Energy Strategy, so it is possible that as part of this the government will provide standard structures and legal frameworks (including template documents) to facilitate setting this side of projects up without having to use lawyers too much.
Want to install a wind turbine?
If you are in the UK then take our Wind Site Self-Assessment - Step 1 of our modular Windpower Feasibility Study. It takes about 20 minutes to work through the basic checks to see if your site might be suitable, including:
- Estimating wind speed
- Checking proximity of nearby properties
- Checking site access and approach roads
- Investigating connection with the grid